What is 16 hour rule in Canada?
16 hour rule states that a Work shift can be extended to 16 hours
To understand this rule, first we need to know the meaning of the following terms: –
- Elapsed time is simply the time between two points. As an example, in below graph, elapsed time between 10:00 AM and 1:00 PM is 3 hours
- Work shift is the time (Elapsed time) between 2 off-duty periods of at-least 8 consecutive hours
Work shift rules–
- Work shift starts from the last period of at-least 8 consecutive hours of off-duty or sleeper berth
- Work shift cannot be more than 16 hours. In other words, you must not be on-duty after the 16th hour of Work shift.
- 16 hours (Work shift) includes on-duty, driving and off-duty hours. These off-duty hours are not part of the mandatory 8 consecutive off hours.
- 2 hours out of 16 hours of work shift should be accounted as sleeper berth and/or off duty
- Maximum driving allowed is 13 hours within a Work shift
- Maximum on-duty allowed is 14 hours within a Work shift
- At least 8 consecutive off hours must be taken after 16 hours Work shift.
Example describing the work shift (16 hours)
In the following example: –
- After having off-duty/sleeper berth for consecutive 10 hours, a driver came on-duty at 12:00 AM for an hour and started driving at 1:00 AM
- After driving for 3 hours, he went off-duty for 30 mins at 4:00 AM and started driving again at 4:30 AM
- At 6:30 AM, he went off -duty again for 30 mins followed by 4 hours of driving from 7:00 AM
- 1 hour of off-duty was taken from 11:00 AM to 12:00 PM
- Now, the shift was extended to 16 hours from 14 hours and the driver was on-duty till 4:00 PM instead of 2:00 PM
- The 30 mins and 1 hour off-duty periods are not calculated as part of 14-hours shift but are calculated as a part of 2 hours in the 16 hours Work shift. During this whole elapsed time period (12:00 AM to 4:00 PM), the driver still had maximum 14 hours for on-duty and 13 hours for driving